High Temperature Battery using ALD and EHDA

High Temperature Battery using ALD and EHDA

A multilayer separator is developed by the deposition of ultrathin polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and aluminum oxide (Al2O3)
layers on polyolefin separator using in-house designed novel roll-to-roll atmospheric atomic layer deposition (R2R-AALD) and
electrohydrodynamic atomization (EHDA) methods. The conformal coatings of ultrathin PVDF (∼5 um) and Al2O3 (∼10 nm)
layers form a highly uniform interconnect microporous structure, which enhances thermal stability and mechanical strength. The
deposition of PVDF and Al2O3 layers also improves electrolyte wettability and electrolyte uptake (256%), which gives rise to ionic
conductivity. The Al2O3/PVDF/Celgard separator shows excellent thermal stability with minimal shrinkage up to 180 °C and
robust mechanical strength. The lithium cobalt oxide/graphite (LCO/graphite) cells based on as-developed multilayer separator
deliver excellent discharge capacity of 130.9 mAh g−1 at 0.5 C after 150 cycles and capability of 99.6 mAh g−1 at 5 C after 100
cycles at room temperature. Moreover, the LCO/graphite cells with Al2O3/PVDF/Celgard separator also show remarkable cyclic
performances at elevated temperatures. The as-developed separator proves to be a better candidate for high capacity lithium ion
batteries, especially for high temperature conditions.

 

Journal of the Electrochemical Society

 

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